Camus adulterous woman summary
The two European sections are Stamboul (ancient Byzantium), whose suburbs border the Sea of Marmora; Galata and Pera, more or less Europeanized quarters, with many villages rising in rows along the green hills that look down on the Golden Horn and the Bosporus. Uskudar; Chrysopolis ) and Kadi-Keui (Chalcedon), with their extensive suburbs on the Asiatic shore of the Bosporus, the pleasant coasts of the Gulf of Nicomedia, and the Isles of the Princes.
The city is divided into ten quarters or circles, each with its own municipality.
The population is estimated (1908) at 1,200,000 inhabitants, four-fifths of whom are in Europe.
There are about 600,000 Turks or other Mussulmans ; the remainder include, in order of numerical importance, Greeks, Armenians, Jews, and foreigners of various nationalities.
It was at first subject to the metropolitan authority of Heraclea, and remained so, at least canonically, until 381, when the Second Ecumenical Council (can.
iii) gave the Bishop of Constantinople the first place after the Bishop of Rome .
In the Galata section the Genoese Tower (over 150 feet) attracts attention, as in Pera the residences of the ambassadors. by a Greek colony from Megara ; the site was then occupied by the Thracian village of Lygos.
Constantine had chosen this city as the new capital of the Roman Empire, but owing to his wars and the needs of the State, he rarely resided there. Constantius, Julian, Jovian, and Valens are found more habitually on the Danube or the Euphrates than on the Bosporus; they reside more regularly in Antioch than in New Rome.
It was only under Theodosius the Great (379-95) that Constantinople assumed definitive rank as capital of the Eastern Roman Empire.
(For the exact meaning of this canon see Hefele, Hist.
des Counciles, tr., Leclercq, Paris, 1908, II, 24-27.) Fuller details are given in Fischer, "De patriarcharum Constantinopolitanorum" catalogis (Leipzig, 1894); Schermann, "Prophetenund Apostellegenden nebst Jüngerkatalogen des Dorotheus und verwandter Texte" (Leipzig, 1907); Vailhé, "Origines de l'Eglise de Constantinople" in "Echos d'Orient" (Paris, 1907), 287-295.
But he soon forgave this resistance, restored its former privileges, built there the baths of Zeuxippus, and began the hippodrome.